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Festival in Nepal

Nepal is a land of festivals. For the Nepalese, festivals are not just the annual performances, but a living part of their rich cultural heritage. Festivals effectively bind the Nepali people of various cultural backgrounds and beliefs into one nation. There are more than 50 major festivals in one year celebrated by Nepalese. Although most of these festivals are religious some have historical significance, while others are seasonal celebrations. Most Nepalese festivals are related to different Hindu and Buddhist gods and goddesses and they are famous these days devoted to them by religion and tradition. There are also several festivals that are observed in honor of personal relatives such as festival Matatirtha (for mothers), Gokarna Ausi (for fathers), Gaijatra (for those who are firmly placed). Some festivals are of national significance such as Dashain, a celebration of the victory goddess Bhagabati Mahisashur over evil, and Tihar, a celebration of lights dedicated to the goddess Lakshmi, and some are limited to the Kathmandu Valley, whereas still others are celebrated only within one or two villages or towns. Dates of most festivals are fixed by famous astrologers after consulting the lunar calendar in Nepal.

Here is the list of most popular festival in Nepal:

NEW YEAR:
It is known as "Navavarsha" in Nepal. Nepal has its official calendar that begins on the first day of the first month Baisakh. This first day is observed in Nepali New Year which usually falls in the second week of April. People go for picnics, have meetings and to celebrate the day socializing in various ways that this day is also a national holiday.

LHOSAR (TIBETAN NEW YEAR):
It's the New Year for Tibetans and Sherpas of Nepal which falls in February. The Buddhist monasteries in Kathmandu like Boudhanath and Swayambhunath are decorated with eye-catching multicolored prayer flags pulling the crowd. The people perform their traditional dances and welcome their new year with festivities and family reunions all wore new clothes and finest jewelry and exchanging gifts.

MATA TIRTHA SNAN DAY (MOTHER):
This is a great festival celebrations which falls on the first month Baisakh (April / May), the Nepali Year. It is also called Mata Tirtha Aunsi as it falls into a new moon night. The people of Nepal has always been focused on the family. They are very proud of their ancient tradition of the family united units. This kind of relationship is not merely the result of religious teachings, but also because of various festivals and ceremonies, which joins the family together and strengthens family ties in the Nepalese society. This is the festival of "Mata trithant Puja" which in English is Mother's Day. "This festival falls on the last day of the dark fortnight of April or early May is a day where we shows appreciation and gratitude to his mother for her unconditional love and unfailing support.

BUDDHA  JAYANTTI:
This day is celebrated to mark the birthday of Buddha, which dates back approximately 543 BC.It Jestha falls on Purnima (full moon night-May/June). The belief and practice of Buddhism in Nepal dates back to the era of Prince Siddharth Gautam, who is not in the Terai region in the south of 543 Ave. Until he was 29, the young prince led a very sheltered life within the royal palace of his father. He was completely unaware of the tragedies of everyday life. One day he convinced his charioteer to take him outside the walls of his palace, and he was shocked to see the spectacle of an old man, a cripple and a corpse. The realization that there was more to life than the lavish and luxurious life he led, he gave up all worldly pleasures and the pursuit of enlightenment and the true meaning of life. After having wandered far and research, Gautam finally attained enlightenment by meditating under a tree pipul. Henceforth, known as the "Buddha" and "from the Awake, he began to preach" The Four Noble Truths "to all who would listen. Under this doctrine, people suffer because of their desires and the root cause all misery is desire. These desires and consequently all problems can be totally eliminated by following the eightfold path - right views, right intention, right speech, right conduct has, Right Livelihood, the right effort, right meditation and mindfulness right.

GHANTA KARNA CHATURDASI:
This festival celebrates the exorcism of the mythical demon Ghantakarna.It is also called Gathemangal Festival which falls on trayodashi month Shrawan (July / Aus). This festival celebrates the exorcism of the mythical demon Ghantakarna. According to local legend, an Indian named Ghantakarna used to scare the public by stealing their women and children. The devil is a grotesque spectacle of his body painted in red, blue and black. He had a pair of bells on his ears so that every moment, he made a noise racket. Because of these bells, he was called Ghanta (bell) Karna (ear). Ghanta Karna was a big bully and requires money and other gifts made to him by the villagers.

JANAI POORNIMA, RAKSHYA BANDHAN, KHUMBESHWOR MELA PATAN:
Janai Purnima is the festival of the Holy Thread.On this day every Hindu home on the sacred thread is also called wrist.It Rakshya Bandhan.On date, there is a big Mela (FAIR), has Khumbeshwor, is Lalitpur.It again on a moonlit night. Janai Purnima is known as the Festival sacred thread. On this day, Hindu men, particularly Brahmins and Chettri make their annual change of Janai, a yellow cotton string wears on his chest or tied around the wrist of his right hand. This thread is only granted to men during a religious ceremony called the long and impressive Bratabandhan. This initiates a string of virility and ordered them to follow the faithfuly relegion. The doors must be Janai every day of their life from that day. The 'triple cord is a symbol of body, speech and mind, and when the nodes are linked to the user is supposed to take total control over each. This cord is completely changed if it becomes frayed or soiled, for example, when the wearer touches a woman in menstruation, during which she is regarded as unclean. But under the rules of the Indian rope must be changed without fail by a Brahman in that day, Janai meaning sacred thread, and feel Purni Purnima or full moon, indicating the change of the wire on the auspicious day of full moon.

GAIJATRA:
The celebration of "Gay Jatra" (procession of cows) which is one of the most popular festivals, is generally celebrated in the month of Bhadra of Nepal (August-September). This feast originated in the belief that the god of death, Yamaraj, must be feared and therefore loves. The celebration of "Gay Jatra, the procession of cows, is generally celebrated in the month of Nepali Bhadra (August-September). The festival of cows is one of the most popular festivals of Nepal. The whole complex of Gay Jatra festival has its roots in old age where we feared and adored Yamaraj, "the god of death". However, the sessions ironic synonym for Gay Jatra festival came in the tradition of the medieval period of Nepal, under the reign of the Malla kings. Therefore, the current form is a happy Gay Jatra mixture of Antiquity and Middle Ages. According to traditions since time immemorial, every family who lost a parent during the past year must participate in a procession through the streets of Kathmandu, the head of a cow. If a cow is unavailable then a young boy dressed as a cow is regarded as a fair substitute. In Hinduism, a cow is regarded as the most venerated among all pets. It is believed that the cow, venerated as a sacred animal by Hindus, will help the deceased parent's journey to heaven.

SHREE KRISHNA JANMASTAMI:
Sri Krishna Janmastami marks the celebration of the birth of Lord Sri Krishna. This festival is also known as Krishna Jayanti or Janmashtami. Lord Krishna is regarded as the 8th avatar or incarnation of the Lord falls on Saptami Vishnu.It of Bhadra (August / September). Sri Krishna Janmastami marks the celebration of the birth of Bhagavan Sri Krishna. This festival is also known as Krishna Jayanti or Janmashtami. Lord Krishna is regarded as the 8th avatar or incarnation of Vishnu. The life of Sri Krishna is the saga of the most moving one of the greatest saviors and propounders of dharma. His life was filled with many dangers to which he finally wins. The stories of how he killed, one after the other, all the demonic adversaries Pootana, Shakat Agha, Dhenuka, Bekaa, Keshi, Kansa, Shishupala, Jarasandha etc. - has made him the savior of humanity unparalleled.

GOKARNA AUNSI (FATHER) DAY:
The light most favorable to honor his father is Aunsi Gokarna. It falls on the dark fortnight of Bhadra or in August or early September.It is also known as Kuse Aunsi. Religion Nepali tradition and culture holds great respect for a father. It is considered the pillar of strength, respect and support a family. The light most favorable to honor his father is Aunsi Gokarna. It falls on the dark fortnight in August or early September. A day or the children show their appreciation and gratitude for his advice and lessons in life. Son and daughters, from near or far, come with gifts and confict to spend the day with their fathers. Children spend their hoarded coins on presents, which expresses honor and love in their own special ways. The streets are a scene of gay married daughters on the way home from their parents with specialties. After the offer of gifts, they touch their father's feet with their foreheads, this act of coming is done by only son, the girls touch his hand. The ceremony is also known as "research on the face of the father.

TEEJ KO DIN DARKHAN:
"Teej" is the festival of young women. Thanks to this young monk, Hindu women pray for marital bliss, wellbeing of their spouse and children and purification of their own body and soul. It takes place on Tritiya of Bhadra (August / September). "Teej" is the festival of young women. It takes place in August or early September. The festival is a celebration of three days in length that combines sumptuous feasts, rigid and the young. Thanks to this young monk, Hindu women pray for marital bliss, well-being of their spouse and children and purification of their own body and soul. Traditionally, the ritual of Teej is obligatory for all married women and Hindu girls who have reached puberty. Exception is made for those who are ill or physically unfit. In these circumstances, a priest performs the rites. According to holy books, the Goddess Parbati fasted and prayed fervently for the great Shiva Lord to become her husband. Nepal Tour Programs

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