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21 August 2017, Monday
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India Information
Trip Grade: Easy
Duration: 9 Days
Country: India
India Information

India is a large country in Southern Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.18 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Mainland India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east; and it is bordered by Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean, its Andaman and Nicobar Islands are also in the vicinity of the Indonesian island of Sumatra in the Andaman Sea, and in the Andaman Sea India also shares a maritime border with Thailand.India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi).

History of India and History of the Republic of India

Stone Age rock shelters with paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh are the earliest known traces of human life in India. The first known permanent settlements appeared about 8,500 years ago and gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation,dating back to 3400 BCE in western India. It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Indian society, and ended in the 500s BCE. From around 550 BCE, many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country.
Damaged brown painting of a reclining man and woman.
Paintings at the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, sixth century

In the third century BCE, most of South Asia was united into the Maurya Empire by Chandragupta Maurya and flourished under Ashoka the Great. From the third century CE, the Gupta dynasty oversaw the period referred to as ancient "India's Golden Age". Empires in Southern India included those of the Chalukyas, the Cholas and the Vijayanagara Empire. Science, technology, engineering, art, logic, language, literature, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy flourished under the patronage of these kings.

Following invasions from Central Asia between the 10th and 12th centuries, much of North India came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire. Under the rule of Akbar the Great, India enjoyed much cultural and economic progress as well as religious harmony. Mughal emperors gradually expanded their empires to cover large parts of the subcontinent. However, in North-Eastern India, the dominant power was the Ahom kingdom of Assam, among the few kingdoms to have resisted Mughal subjugation. The first major threat to Mughal imperial power came from a Hindu Rajput king Maha Rana Pratap of Mewar in the 16th century and later from a Hindu state known as the Maratha confederacy that ruled much of India in the mid-18th century.

From the 16th century, European powers such as Portugal, the Netherlands, France, and Great Britain established trading posts and later took advantage of internal conflicts to establish colonies in the country. By 1856, most of India was under the control of the British East India Company. A year later, a nationwide insurrection of rebelling military units and kingdoms, known as India's First War of Independence or the Sepoy Mutiny, seriously challenged the Company's control but eventually failed. As a result of the instability, India was brought under the direct rule of the British Crown.
Two smiling men in robes sitting on the ground, with bodies facing the viewer and with heads turned toward each other. The younger wears a white Nehru cap; the elder is bald and wears glasses. A half dozen other people are in the background.
Mahatma Gandhi (right) with Jawaharlal Nehru, 1937. Nehru would go on to become India's first prime minister in 1947.

In the 20th century, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched by the Indian National Congress and other political organisations. Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people in several national campaigns of non-violent civil disobedience.

On 15 August 1947, India gained independence from British rule, but at the same time the Muslim-majority areas were partitioned to form a separate state of Pakistan. On 26 January 1950, India became a republic and a new constitution came into effect.

Since independence, India has faced challenges from religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies, especially in Jammu and Kashmir and Northeast India. Since the 1990s terrorist attacks have affected many Indian cities. India has unresolved territorial disputes with the People's Republic of China, which, in 1962, escalated into the Sino-Indian War, and with Pakistan, which resulted in wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999. India is a founding member of the United Nations (as British India) and the Non-Aligned Movement.

In 1974, India conducted an underground nuclear test and five more tests in 1998, making India a nuclear state. Beginning in 1991, significant economic reforms have transformed India into one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, increasing its global clout.

Itinerary

Delhi Jaipur Agra Tour - 09 Days

Day 01- Arrival at Delhi
To be welcomed and assisted at arrival at Delhi International airport. Transfer to hotel and overnight.

Day 02- Delhi
Afternoon visit to some of the most unique symbols of Indian culture and history including Gandhi's memorial, India gate, Parliament house, President's house and the Lotus temple. Overnight stay in Delhi.

Day 03- Agra
Starting for Agra in the morning. Check in at hotel Holiday Inn, rest for a few hours and then visit the Taj Mahal, the epitome of true love. In the evening you can explore the place on your own. Overnight stay at Agra.

Day 04- Jaipur
Set off to Jaipur, the Pink City of Rajasthan, in the morning. An en route visit to Fatehpur Sikri and the Buland Darwaja (One of the largest gates in India) is arranged. Check in at hotel in Jaipur and rest. Evening at leisure. Overnight at Jaipur.

Day 05- Jaipur
Full day sight seeing at Jaipur, including the famous Amber fort, where you can have an elephant ride. Post lunch you visit the City Palace museum and Hawa Mahal (Wind palace). Later experience a rickshaw ride through the bustling markets of Jaipur. Evening at leisure. Overnight at Jaipur.

Day 06- Pushkar
Reaching Pushkar in the morning. Upon arrival at Pushkar, check in into our arranged accommodation. In the afternoon you are at leisure to enjoy the colorful Pushkar fair. Overnight stay.

Day 07- Pushkar
After breakfast, spend the whole day at the Pushkar fair. Spend the day walking through the traditional decorated fair ground and view various activities, like folk dances, camel trading, races and much more. Overnight stay at Pushkar.

Day 08- Pushkar-Delhi
You are at leisure in the morning. In the afternoon set off to Ajmer to catch a train to New Delhi. Late evening arrival in Delhi followed by transfer to hotel and overnight.

Day 09 - Delhi-Departure
Day at leisure followed by transfer to the airport in the evening for flight back home.

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